How does CBD work in the body?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. In recent years, its remarkable properties and benefits have been studied, turning it into one of the most sought-after medicinal supplements. Why is CBD so effective in improving our health and well-being? It involves something called endocannabinoids.

What is an endocannabinoid?

The body has an endocannabinoid system that is one of the most essential systems for human health. In fact, it plays a significant role in keeping critical biological functions in balance. The endocannabinoid system was only discovered in the 1990s, which means our understanding of it is still in its infancy. What is even more fascinating is that our bodies produce their own cannabinoids, such as NADA, 2-AG, and OAE.

An endocannabinoid only gets produced when the body needs it, which differs it from chemical compounds like serotonin. The entire endocannabinoid system is a network of cannabinoid receptors. When the system is functioning optimally, our heart, digestive, endocrine, immune, nervous, and reproductive systems run smoothly.

The role of cannabinoid receptors

Cannabinoid receptors can found all over the body. They exist within cellular membranes that play a role in the regulation of many normal processes, such as our mood, appetite, memory, and feeling of pain. When a cannabinoid like CBD becomes active in the body, it will deliver some extraordinary benefits.

There are two types of cannabinoids: endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids are endogenous to the body while phytocannabinoids come from outside the body, such as the cannabis plant. There are also two primary types of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2. There may even be a third, but we have not discovered it yet.

CB1 receptors are generally in the brain and central nervous system and are involved with our mood, appetite, memories, pain, emotions, coordination, and other functions. CB2 receptors are involved with peripheral organs connected to the immune system. These receptors affect inflammation and pain.

While scientists used to believe that CBD would bind itself to the CB2 receptors, we now know that it does not, nor does it bind to the CB1 receptors. Instead, the prevailing theory is that it somehow indirectly affects the body’s endocannabinoid system.

Whats is CBD?

Now that you know what the endocannabinoid system is, it’s time to get into what is CBD. This phytocannabinoid is one of 100+ compounds that exist in the cannabis plant. After THC, it is the most abundant compound. Since it isn’t psychoactive, it will deliver powerful healing benefits without any high. CBD gets extracted as an oil and is then made into a number of different kinds of products such as pure CBD oil and CBD moisturising cream. CBD produces its positive effects by attaching itself to receptors in the endocannabinoid system.

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What CBD does in the body

When introduced into the body, CBD will do a few things. It will inhibit FAAH, which is a fatty acid, and weaken it. This leads to a heightened concentration of anandamide, which is a molecule that increases our feelings of pleasure and feeling motivated.

CBD also affects FABP, which is a fatty acid-binding protein. This will bind to anandamide and go for a ride out of a synapse that has been metabolized by FAAH. It also affects the transporting of FABP, leading to less anandamide being metabolized, which keeps higher concentrations of this “bliss molecule” in the body.

One other thing CBD does in the body is bind itself to a G-protein receptor called TRPV-1. This receptor is also known as a vallinoid receptor, and is involved in the regulation of pain, inflammation, and your body’s temperature. This function is the reason for CBD being so incredibly effective at reducing inflammation, especially in people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.

Effects of CBD

There is an increasing body of research demonstrating all of the extraordinary effects of CBD.

Reduces inflammation

While inflammation may be a sign that your body is attempting to heal itself, it can be harmful when it is occurring too much. CBD can directly reduce inflammatory conditions by either reducing or outright eliminating inflammation and its symptoms. That is why chronic disorders like arthritis can be relieved by taking CBD. Even chronic conditions like migraines and chronic pain can be alleviated with the help of CBD.

Reduces anxiety

Anxiety is a major issue today. Surprisingly, CBD can alleviate this mental health condition as well. The way it works is by combating stress, which leads to anxiety and depression. It can restore balance within the body’s receptors by leading to hyperactive thought processes. It can be a natural way to reduce feelings of anxiety and even depression.

Improves sleep quality

Connected to the ability of CBD to relieve stress, it can also relax the mind enough to get better quality sleep. One of the leading causes of insomnia is restlessness. Also, feeling constant chronic pain is also a factor in poor quality sleep. When CBD is ingested, there is less likelihood of waking up at night in pain, disrupting the sleep cycle.

Improves skin

One other area that CBD can effectively change is the skin. It can reduce the inflammation, bacteria, and overproduction of sebum that leads to skin conditions like acne. By working with receptors located in the endocannabinoid system, sebum production can be properly regulated. This means acne can even be prevented thanks to CBD.

Wrapping up

Now that you have had a primer on how does CBD work in the body, you can shop around for a CBD oil that will become part of your daily health and wellness routine. There are many CBD benefits you can enjoy beyond what was mentioned earlier. Enjoy all of the advantages possible with CBD, and you will stay happy and healthy.

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