Cannabinoid receptors can found all over the body. They exist within cellular membranes that play a role in the regulation of many normal processes, such as our mood, appetite, memory, and feeling of pain. When a cannabinoid like CBD becomes active in the body, it will deliver some extraordinary benefits.
There are two types of cannabinoids: endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids are endogenous to the body while phytocannabinoids come from outside the body, such as the cannabis plant. There are also two primary types of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2. There may even be a third, but we have not discovered it yet.
CB1 receptors are generally in the brain and central nervous system and are involved with our mood, appetite, memories, pain, emotions, coordination, and other functions. CB2 receptors are involved with peripheral organs connected to the immune system. These receptors affect inflammation and pain.
While scientists used to believe that CBD would bind itself to the CB2 receptors, we now know that it does not, nor does it bind to the CB1 receptors. Instead, the prevailing theory is that it somehow indirectly affects the body’s endocannabinoid system.